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Study of Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) techniques.

Author(s):

Preet M Shah , PIET,Limda,Waghodiya,Baroda; Ashish Shah , PIET,Limda,Waghodiya,Baroda

Keywords:

Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), Photovoltaic (PV) System, Perturb and Observer, Incremental Conductance

Abstract

The need for renewable energy sources is on the rise because of the acute energy crisis in the world today. India plans to produce 20 Gigawatts Solar power by the year 2020, whereas we have only realized less than half a Gigawatt of our potential as of March 2010. Solar energy is a vital untapped resource in a tropical country like ours. The main hindrance for the penetration and reach of solar PV systems is their low efficiency and high capital cost. In this paper, we examine a schematic to extract maximum obtainable solar power from a PV module and use the energy for a DC application. This Paper investigates in detail the concept of Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) which significantly increases the efficiency of the solar photovoltaic system. The Perturb and Observe (P&O), and Incremental Conductance (IncCond) algorithms used for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), are perhaps the two most popular methods in use. The latter method is typically claimed as the Preferred algorithm, but this is not well justified. The reason for the differences between the two closely related hill climbing methods is shown.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV2I3688
Published in: Volume : 2, Issue : 3
Publication Date: 01/06/2014
Page(s): 1784-1787

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