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Energy Efficient Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network: A Survey

Author(s):

Geetika , Indo Global College of Engineering, Abhipur Mohali (Pb.); Anamika Chhabra, Indo Global College of Engineering, Abhipur Mohali (Pb.)

Keywords:

Wireless Sensor Network, Sensing nodes, Battery, Clustering, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous network, Energy consumption, Network lifetime.

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Network gained attention from the research community and users. In WSN, the sensor nodes are spread over a network or geographical area to monitor the environment and physical conditions and collect the data. The data then send to the sink node/ base station by cluster head (CH have largest energy and elected to receive the data which is further send to sink node or base station).The sensors are sensitive to energy consumption and cannot be recharged and replaced. [7][10] The radio transmission and receiving data process consume more energy. We have to design or develop more effective and energy aware protocol to enhance stability or lifetime of the network. Clustering is the technique provides more energy efficient network. It is based on node connectivity and splitting & merging of cluster performance. There are homogeneous and heterogeneous network in WSN, but heterogeneous network provides more efficient results.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV2I5416
Published in: Volume : 2, Issue : 5
Publication Date: 01/08/2014
Page(s): 811-812

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