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Breakthrough in the inconsistencies to nuclear fusion: nanotechnology assisted nuclear fusion

Author(s):

Vihir H. Raykundaliya , PDPU, Gandhinagar; Mudit Vajpayee, PDPU, Gandhinagar

Keywords:

nanotechnology, nuclear fusion, electricity, binding energy

Abstract

At present the usage of electricity is more than it had ever been. So, to meet such high demands of electricity, we need to burn tonnes of coal daily. Scientists, on the other side look forward to the nuclear reactions as a tremendous scope of energy. Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion are two main types of nuclear reactions that produce energy. We talk here about the nuclear fusion reactions. The simple idea behind the nuclear fusion is to fuse the nuclei of elements with atomic numbers lower than iron, to release their binding energy. But, as per the potential energy versus interatomic distance graph, to bring two nuclei closer than the interatomic stable distance, they need to overcome the columbic repulsive forces. This can be made possible only if they have very high kinetic energies. These high kinetic energies are conventionally obtained by increasing the ambient temperature to the order of 106 Kelvin. But to produce such high temperatures and further to maintain them is very costly. So the vast seawater that houses the required hydrogen in plenty remains unused. This paper focuses mainly on the utilization of nanotechnology in performing nuclear fusion reactions. The advancements in nanotechnology provide us with a wide scope to be able to handle processes at the atomic level and even manipulate some of the processes. This advancement in nanotechnology can be used to energise hydrogen nuclei for neutronic; or deuteron and helium nuclei for aneutronic nuclear fusion reaction. This paper discusses the elaborate processes to harness the above discussed goal, its advantages and applications and probable challenges and even their solutions.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV2I9465
Published in: Volume : 2, Issue : 9
Publication Date: 01/12/2014
Page(s): 717-719

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