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Design and Construction of Food Waste Biogas Plant for Hostel Mess

Author(s):

K M Akkoli , HIRASUGAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, NIDASOSHI; B M Dodamani, HIRASUGAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, NIDASOSHI; Jagadeesh A, HIRASUGAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, NIDASOSHI; Ravi C, HIRASUGAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, NIDASOSHI

Keywords:

Biogas, Kitchen waste, Methane production, anaerobic digestion

Abstract

The extraction of energy from the biomass wastes by its anaerobic degradation with the help of various technologies adopted and will be leading to the use of renewable energy systems effectively and efficiently. In this contest one of the best methods to extract the energy from the biological wastes which includes, Kitchen wastes, Agricultural wastes; Animal wastes etc…are the installation and generation of biogas plant. The biogas released acts as an environmentally sustainable energy source. In our Institute we have two hostels and all are having their own individual mess. The each hostel having about 350 students where daily about 30 kg of kitchen waste is obtained which can be utilized for better purposes. This work is to create an organic processing facility to generate biogas which will be more cost effective, eco-friendly, reduce landfill waste, generate a quality renewable fuel and reduce carbon dioxide and methane emissions. Overall by constructing the biogas reactors in campus at the backyard of our hostels will be beneficial. Kitchen (food waste) was collected from boys hostel mess as feedstock for reactor which works as anaerobic digester system to produce biogas energy. Biogas can be used as energy source for cooking and also for numerous purposes. But any possible application requires knowledge and information about design and construction of digester to generate biogas. This work also deals with the pilot study of kitchen waste generation and fuel saving by using biogas plant in engineering college hostels of Karnataka state.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV3I30270
Published in: Volume : 3, Issue : 3
Publication Date: 01/06/2015
Page(s): 101-104

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