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Safe Landing-Area Detection System for Aero Plane

Author(s):

Meghraj Prakash Agnihotri , Sir Vishweshwarayya Institute of Technology(SVIT), Nashik; Archana A.Hatkar, Sir Vishweshwarayya Institute of Technology(SVIT), Nashik

Keywords:

Safe Landing, Area Detection System

Abstract

Now a day, an automatic safe landing-site detection system is invented for aircraft emergency landing based on visible related data acquired by aircraft-mounted cameras. In this system, the top-five leading factors of random or unplanned landing, which is also called emergency landing, are engine failure, running out of fuel, extremely bad weather, medical emergency, and aircraft hijack. We concentrate on the detection mechanism of the proposed system and assume that image improvement for increased visibility and image stitching for a bigger field-of-view (FOV) have already been performed on the terrain images acquired by aircraft-mounted cameras(Here we used goggle map images). We focus on the detection mechanism of the proposed system and assume that image stitching for a larger field-of-view(FOV) &image enhancement for increased visibility have been performed on the terrain images acquired by aircraft-mounted cameras (Here we used goggle @Earth Images). Specifically, we propose a horizon detection to identify the ground in the image. Then, Segmentation is used to find out various clusters based on Color, performed by K-Mean Method. Principle component analysis is used for feature extraction & Classification of various clusters done by Cross correlation Classifier. Dimensions are measured by using blob Analysis. Then, sorting (descending order) of detected landing sites are performed, based on size of area. If the dimensions of a candidate region exceed the minimum requirement for safe landing, the potential landing-site is considered a safe candidate and is highlighted on the human machine interface. At the end the pilot makes the final decision by confirming one of the candidates and also by considering other factors such as wind speed and wind direction.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV3I41223
Published in: Volume : 3, Issue : 4
Publication Date: 01/07/2015
Page(s): 3359-3361

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