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Biodiesel - An Alternative Fuels In Internal Combustion Engine


Shelke Dipak Dnyandeo , G. S. Moze C.O.E., Balewadi, Pune; Dr. P. T. Nitnaware, D.Y. Patil C.O.E., Akurdi, Pune; Prof. S. S. Ingle, S.R.E.S.C.O.E., Kopargaon


Diesel Engine, Palm Biodiesel, Blends, Performance, Emission, Additives


The rapid growth in industrial development and motorization, the world has extraordinarily raised the demand of the petroleum products. The reservoirs of such a petroleum based fuels are limited in the world. In recent time, the world is facing problems with energy crises due to depletion of conventional energy sources and increase environmental problems. Also, they are exhaustible and cost is rapidly increasing day to day. Hence, it is quit necessary to focus on an alternative fuels which are neither exhaustible nor harmful to environment and can be derived from the material available in the country. Recently biofuels is being considered as one of the most promising alternative fuels in internal combustion engine. Because it have low evaporation losses as well as it is safer for transportation and storage. From the past research’s it concludes that with the use of bio-fuels as a fuel in engines, there is remarkable reduction in harmful emissions as well as one will get the same engine efficiency. Recently consumption of biodiesel as well as their blends with diesel is increases, as it decreases the dependence on imported petroleum; providing a market for the excess production of vegetable oils and animal fats, using renewable and biodegradable fuels, reducing global warming; and reducing substantially the exhaust emissions of carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, and particulate emissions from diesel engines. However, there are major drawbacks in the use of biofuel blends as NOx tends to be higher. The fuel additives become obligatory tools not only to decrease these disadvantages but also to produce specified products. Additives improve ignition and combustion efficiency, stabilize fuel mixtures, protect the motor from abrasion and wax deposition, and reduce pollutant emissions, among other features.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV4I100469
Published in: Volume : 4, Issue : 10
Publication Date: 01/01/2017
Page(s): 819-822

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