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Phytoremediation - An Emerging Green Technology for the Removal of Heavy Metals in Polluted Soil Environment

Author(s):

Shivakumar. D , DOS in Environmental Science. University of Mysore ; Srikantaswamy S, DOS in Environmental Science , university of Mysore ; Abhilash M R, DOS in Environmental Science , university of Mysore ; Smitha N, DOS in Botany , university of Mysore ; Shivalingaiah , Dept of Botany, Maharani's Science college for women

Keywords:

Heavy Metal, Soil, Mobility, Bio-Availability, TF, BCF

Abstract

Our surrounding environment is filled up with a large quantity of toxicants in different forms. Heavy metals are among the most important sorts of contaminant in the environment. They contaminate our water, land and atmosphere. Heavy metal pollution is a significant environmental problem and has its negative impact on human health and agriculture. Several methods already used to clean up the environment from these kinds of contaminants, but most of them are costly and difficult to get optimum results. Currently, phytoremediation is an effective and affordable technological solution used to extract or remove inactive metals and metal pollutants from contaminated soil and water. This technology is environmental friendly and potentially cost effective. This paper reports about the mobility, bio-availability and plant response to presence of soil heavy metals in addition to Translocation (TF) and Biological Concentration Factor (BCF). The present study aims to compile the information about heavy metals, effects and their treatment through phytoremediation process.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV4I50388
Published in: Volume : 4, Issue : 5
Publication Date: 01/08/2016
Page(s): 542-545

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