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Enhancement of Cetene Number and Properties of Diesel Fuel using Ignition Accelerators and Additives

Author(s):

Mukesh B. Borad , SAL Institute of Technology and Engineering Research, Ahmedabad; Saras Patel, SAL Institute of Technology and Engineering Research, Ahmedabad

Keywords:

Cetene Number, Ignition Accelerator, Diesel Fuel Additive, Diesel Index, Freezing Point

Abstract

In this study, organic compounds of Mn, Mg, Cu and Ca metals were synthesized, and their solutions were used as diesel fuel additives. The additives that achieved the greatest decrease in freezing point of diesel, its optimum rate of dosage and other performance effects were tested. The results showed that the organic based manganese gave the greatest decrease in freezing point and ignition accelerator reduced delay periods by adding chemical dopes of ethyl-nitrate & amyl-nitrate. These additives reduced the freezing point to 12.9ºC at the rate of dosage of 54.4 µ mol Mn /litre diesel fuel. It was established that the cetene number of diesel fuel without the additive was 46.92, whereas the cetene number was 48.64 for Diesel fuel with the optimum amount of dosage. It was observed that the organic based manganese drops the viscosity and flash point and improves the contents of the exhaust gases and reduced delay periods.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV4I70532
Published in: Volume : 4, Issue : 7
Publication Date: 01/10/2016
Page(s): 857-859

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