High Impact Factor : 4.396 icon | Submit Manuscript Online icon |

Bio Diesel Processing and Production from Non- Edible Vegetable Oil and Its Engine Characteristics: A Review

Author(s):

Mukeshkumar B Borad , Sal Institute of Technology and Engineering Research, Ahmedabad; Darshit M Nayak, Sal Institute of Technology and Engineering Research, Ahmedabad

Keywords:

Bio-Diesel, Performance, Non Edible oil, Emission, EGR, LHRE

Abstract

Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel that is produced from vegetable oils and animal fats. It consists of the monoalkyl esters formed by a catalyzed reaction of the triglycerides in the oil or fat with a simple monohydric alcohol. All the vegetable oils are cleaner forms of energy, renewable, and sustainable. So they could be used as an alternative fuel especially in C.I. Engines. This review depicts the different methods of bio-diesel production such as transesterification, radio frequency (RF), two-step catalytic process, etc. Performance and emissions are two distinct factors that decide the use of fuels in engines; a brief discussion is made on the performance and emission characteristics of various bio-diesel sources like inedible orange oil, animal tallow, turpentine oil, waste plastic oil, etc. This paper extends to distinguish exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) from other available methods for NOx reduction.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV4I90003
Published in: Volume : 4, Issue : 9
Publication Date: 01/12/2016
Page(s): 4-13

Article Preview

Download Article