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The Impacts of Urban Sprawl on Environment

Author(s):

Payel Kundu , Bankura zilla saradamani mahila mahavidyapith & Bankura sammilani college

Keywords:

Urban sprawl, unplanned growth, Segregation, Environmental degradation

Abstract

Urban sprawl is an issue that has allocated many discussions to itself in academic, policy making and executive departments. Although sprawl is an American phenomena but it should be indicated that it is different by environmental, economic, social and political situations. Cities can be thought of as the absence of physical space between people and firms. As such, they exist to eliminate transportation costs for goods, people and transportation technologies dictate urban form. In the 21 century, urban growth has not been adopted with residents needs and as a result of this process, many lands have been utilized for construction. Urban sprawl is characterized by an unplanned and uneven pattern of growth driven by multitude of processes and leading to inefficient resource utilization. So, it is criticized for causing environmental degradation and intensifying segregation and undermining the vitality of existing urban areas and attacked on aesthetic grounds. The causes that force growth in urban areas are essentially important for analysis of urban growth. The paper is a modest attempt to discuss the results of sprawl by precise cognition of characteristics as well as causes responsible for undesirable pattern and also to analyze the impact of sprawl on environment. Although it is impossible to restrict sprawl, the paper introduces appropriate policies to control this uneven development.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV5I10651
Published in: Volume : 5, Issue : 1
Publication Date: 01/04/2017
Page(s): 1785-1789

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