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A Study on the Nutrient Intake and Nutrition Knowledge of Lactating Women (0-6 Months Postpartum) in a Low Socio-Economic Area

Author(s):

Rajeshwari Panda , Dr.BMN College of Home science; Dr. Rekha Battalwar, Sir Vithaldas Thackersey College of Home Science (Autonomous)

Keywords:

Lactation, Nutrient Requirement, Lactating Woman, Nutrition Knowledge, Socio-Economic Factors, Cultural Beliefs

Abstract

Background: Breastfeeding is the most precious gift a mother can give to her infant. When there is illness or malnutrition it may be a lifesaving gift. When there is poverty it may be the only gift. Aim: To study the Nutrient Intake and Nutrition Knowledge of Lactating Women (0-6 months postpartum) in a Low Socio-Economic Area. Methodology: A study conducted on 100 lactating mothers (0-6 months postpartum), between the age of 20-40years who were visiting the Maternity homes and polio centers for their children’s immunisation. Informed consent was obtained from the maternity home. The ethical approval was taken from the institutional ethical committee (IEC) on 10th September, 2016.The inclusion criteria of the study included all lactating women between 20-40 years of age, women living in the low socio-economic community. Individual interviews, using structured questionnaires (Socio bio-demographic questionnaire, socio-economic information, health status, Nutrition knowledge questionnaire, 3 day dietary recall, and Food Frequency Questionnaire), and anthropometry measurements (according to standard procedure) were undertaken. Result’s: Majority of women had the mean energy intake of 1256.23 kcal/day which was lower than the recommended 2500 kcal/day. Macronutrient and micronutrients were consumed below the recommended dietary allowances, ICMR 2016. The highest frequency of consumption was cereals, while the lowest was processed foods, junk foods, sweets & desserts. Majority of women (55%) had good nutrition knowledge but the rationale for applying the knowledge was lacking for most of the nutrition concepts because they were not well educated. Socio-economic status, health status and nutrition knowledge were all identified as probable factors that influenced the dietary intake of the lactating women. cultural beliefs and practices did not affect the nutrient intake of the lactating mother. Conclusion: The nutrient intake of the lactating women in the low socio-economic area was not adequate. Nutrition knowledge of the lactating mother influenced her nutrient intake. The socio-economic status of the mother determined the nutrient intake. The health status and well-being of the mother affected the nutrient intake. Cultural beliefs and practices did not affect the nutrient intake of the lactating mother.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV5I20602
Published in: Volume : 5, Issue : 2
Publication Date: 01/05/2017
Page(s): 2135-2139

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