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Assessment of Genetic Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance for Quantitative Traits in Chilli (Capsicum Annuum L.)

Author(s):

Manoj Kumar Bundela , College of Horticulture, (VCSG UUHF, Bharsar) Uttarakhand; S. C. Pant, Department of Crop Improvement; Hemavati Hiregoudar, Department of Fruit Science

Keywords:

Capsicum Annuum, GCV, PCV, Heritability, Genetic Advance

Abstract

The present investigation was carried out during kharif 2015-16 at Vegetable Research cum Demonstration Block of the Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, VCSGUUHF, Bharsar, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand with 25 genotypes of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) in a randomized block design with three replications to estimate the genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for traits. On the basis of mean performance, genotypes LC-8, LC-1, LC-2, LC-4, LC-6, LC-9, Byadgi dabbi and Byadgi kaddi were performed best for fruit yield per plant, plant height, fruit length, and number of fruits per plant and took less number of days to first flowering and days to 50% flowering. The phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) and genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) were high average fruit weight, fruit pericarp thickness and number of seeds per fruit content indicating that these traits had wide genetic variability and would respond better to selection. High heritability and high genetic advance were recorded for average fruit weight, fruit pericarp thickness, fruit breadth, number of seeds per fruit and fruit length content indicating the role of additive gene action for the inheritance of these traits. Besides this, high heritability coupled with moderate genetic gain was observed for number of fruits per plant, number of branches per plant, number of primary branches and fruit yield per plant. Therefore, these characters also show some scope for improvement through selection.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV5I50997
Published in: Volume : 5, Issue : 5
Publication Date: 01/08/2017
Page(s): 794-796

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