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Rice Diversity in Bongaigaon Area of Bongaigaon District, Assam, India


Dr. Ranu Roy , Birjhora Mahavidyalaya, Bongaigaon


Bongaigaon, Rice Diversity, Traditional Variety


Bongaigaon area of Bongaigaon district is rich in rice diversity. This rich diversity of rice serves as a valuable genetic resource for its future improvement to meet the ever-increasing demand for rice production as these varieties of rice form the initial material for selecting suitable parents for hybridization for economic and genetic studies. Due to population growth and increasing demands of food the farmers have to adopt new agricultural technology for greater production using High Yielding Varieties (HYV). This ultimately has reduced the practice of cultivation of traditional varieties. Cultivation of some varieties has decreased in such a way that if care is not taken or conservation is not done timely then they will be lost forever. With an aim to study the rice diversity in Bongaigaon area a field study was made in different localities of Bongaigaon area of Bongaigaon district during the period of 2010-2015. Percentage of people practicing HYV mainly Ranjit, Aijong, Swarna masuri has increased while practice of cultivating traditional varieties like Rangjuli, Malsira, Gandubaji, Moinagiri, Goyasuri etc. have reduced drastically. But all these genotypes have great importance, as future of crop improvement needs the genetic variation and the farmers might not have new HYVs without the presence of these traditional varieties. So, it has become very necessary to aware people (especially, the farmers) about this matter and encouraged them to carry on cultivation of traditional varieties too alongside these HYVs.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV5I60031
Published in: Volume : 5, Issue : 6
Publication Date: 01/09/2017
Page(s): 34-36

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