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Physio-Chemical Properties of River Hindon and Its Impact on Ground Water of Adjoining Areas

Author(s):

Anzar Mushtaq Wani , SRM UNIVERSITY; Aamir Nazir Lone, SRM UNIVERSITY; Anzar Mushtaq Wani, SRM UNIVERSITY; Farhan Amin, SRM UNIVERSITY

Keywords:

Biological Oxygen Demand, Chemical Oxygen Demand, Hardness, Alkalinity, Total Dissolved Solids, Electrical Conductivity, Industrialization, Chloride, Nitrates

Abstract

River Hindon is the major source of water to highly populated and predominantly rural population of western Uttar Pradesh, India. The main goal of present study was to assess the impact of urban and industrial activities on the water quality of River Hindon at Ghaziabad. For this purpose, water samples were collected from six different sites all along the route of Hindon's main stream and were analyzed for Ph, Turbidity, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Alkalinity (TA), Total Hardness (TH), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Nitrates, and Chloride levels. There were variations for Electrical Conductivity, Turbidity, TDS, Cl-, NO3-, TA, TH, BOD and COD levels at the different sites. Water pollution indicating parameters were than compared with those allowed or prescribed by the National Pollution Control Board (NCPB) and found to be alarming. This can be attributed to the presence of a large number of industrial units along the river banks. The condition of the river water and human activities made the study significant and interesting to know and access the pollution in the catchment and river Hindon at Ghaziabad. Overall, the quality of water was very poor and degrading and is posing a threat to the community with respect to its use for domestic purposes.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV6I110156
Published in: Volume : 6, Issue : 11
Publication Date: 01/11/2019
Page(s): 218-221

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