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Development of Automatic Control System for Emission Detection in Vehicles using IoT

Author(s):

K. Kanimozhi , VELAMMAL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; G. Rampriya, VELAMMAL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; K. Pandieswari, VELAMMAL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Dr. S. Dhanalakshmi, VELAMMAL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Keywords:

Emission Detection, Vehicles, IoT

Abstract

The impact of pollution is one of the important issues with respect to scientific, social and economic aspects all over the world. The main source for this pollution is due to emissions from vehicles, power plants and industries. Moreover, increase in the use of vehicle in cities which contributes to 72% of the total pollution and results in increased greenhouse gases(GHGs). In addition, these pollutants have direct and indirect effects on the health of human beings, environmental issues like acid rain, ozone layer depletion, global warming(GW) and loss of biodiversity. In addition, these issues leads to major issues towards the world like, rising sea levels, melting of snow, altered rainfall pattern etc. To address these problems, the objective of this project is to design and develop an automatic control system for emission detection in vehicles using IoT has been done. The proposed automated control system uses CO sensor which is fixed at the end of exhaust of vehicles from where the smoke is released into the environment. The CO sensor is connected to the raspberry pi through ADC. The sensor detects the level of CO and is compared to the threshold value, which is already programmed in the raspberry pi. If the obtained value exceeds the threshold value, the raspberry pi alerts the user by LED. If the emission is detected again then the buzzer alarms and further it will stop the vehicle. In addition the alert SMS will be sent to the pollution control centre and owner by using IoT.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV6I21145
Published in: Volume : 6, Issue : 2
Publication Date: 01/05/2018
Page(s): 3933-3936

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