High Impact Factor : 4.396 icon | Submit Manuscript Online icon |

Desalination & Water Purification Technologies: A Review

Author(s):

Sneha Nagdeve , Nuva College of Engineering and Technology, katol kalmeshwar road,Nagpur 441501 ; Dr. Arif Khan, Nuva College of Engineering and Technology, katol kalmeshwar road,Nagpur 441501

Keywords:

Water Purification, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)

Abstract

About 40 million people (over 75% are children) are affected by water borne diseases every year. Nearly six million children below 14 years of age suffer from fluorosis due to fluoride contamination in water. Arsenic is another dangerous contaminant in ground water. putting at risk more than 10 million people in the country. Bacteriological contamination, which leads to diarrhea, cholera, hepatitis etc., is at alert level in India. Contamination due to Iron, hardness and salinity in water are other major concern. Medical expenditure on water borne diseases is estimated to be Rs. 2400 crores annualy in the country. The need for desalination and water purification is destined to grow in the coming years as the requirement for water increases. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has been engaged in R&D on desalination and water purification technologies for several years and has developed indigenous technologies which are available for know-how transfer to interested parties. I hope this technical information document will serve the purpose of creating awareness of and appreciation for desalination and water purification technologies, among the entrepreneurs, NGOs and other interested groups, so that safe drinking water can be made available to the needy population in a reliable, sustainable and affordable manner using the indigenous technologies and supplementing with market technologies in an accelerated manner on a significant scale. BARC would encourage entrepreneurs to come forward and make use of the indigenous know-how for wider deployment.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV6I40787
Published in: Volume : 6, Issue : 4
Publication Date: 01/07/2018
Page(s): 1112-1121

Article Preview

Download Article