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Fuelwood Stress in Nigeria: Myth or Reality

Author(s):

Ali Bulama , FEDERAL UNIVERSITY GASHUA, YOBE STATE NIGERIA; Hassan Dauda, FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) POTISKUM, YOBE STATE, NIGERIA; Yakubu Ibrahim, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY GASHUA, YOBE STATE NIGERIA

Keywords:

Consumption, Degradation, Consumption, Forest, Fuelwood, Fuelwood Stress, Households, Nigeria

Abstract

Reports on forest degradation from increasing fuelwood collection and consumption as energy source by both households and large fuelwood consuming businesses across Nigeria is enough to have attracted the attention of major stakeholders in the forest and fuelwood sector in taking decisive plan and implement appropriate intervention measures towards solving the menace. This paper provides information on the current situation of fuelwood consumption and extend of forest degradation due to trees' harvesting for fuel in Nigeria. The review analysed different literatures on households' energy consumption and types of behavioral responses display during fuelwood stress across different regions in Nigeria. Thus, the review aim at attracting the attention of energy planners in the country to understand the level of fuelwood consumption and the pressure on forested areas in the country. We therefore first, present current situation of fuelwood consumption and its determinants, and secondly, we discuss the results and show a wide range of similar behavioral responses of households in coping with reduced supply of across regions in Nigeria. The review findings among others include the loss of vegetational cover of up to 96% mainly attributed to fuelwood collection and consumption as fuel, with more than 87% of Nigeria's households relying on fuelwood irrespective of geopolitical region, income, occupation, and educational level. Furthermore, increase fuelwood market, increase cost of fuelwood bundles, diversification in the means of transporting fuelwood from sources to marketing are among the scarcity indicators. Therefore, this review conclude that there is continuing increase in fuelwood stress based on the revealed household'’ behavioral responses across all regions in Nigeria. The reviewers therefore, recommended the urgent need of interventions as community involvement in the management of natural forest and introduce tree growers' incentive to motivate farmers growing trees in both farms and homestead so as to reduce relying on natural forest for fuelwood.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV6I80099
Published in: Volume : 6, Issue : 8
Publication Date: 01/11/2018
Page(s): 119-127

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