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Role of Fertilizers in Sustainable Development

Author(s):

Karan Kakashia , PRIYADARSHINI J L college of engineering ; Rahul Urkude, Priyadarshini J L College of Engineering ; Vishal Nagpure, Priyadarshini J L College of Engineering ; Sayali Perkar, Priyadarshini J L College of Engineering ; Nikeeta Kale, Priyadarshini J L College of Engineering

Keywords:

Environment, Soil, Vermicompost etc

Abstract

India is second largest populated country in the world. Inrastructural development is an important parameter for the growth & development of any country. Hence day by day limited land wiil be be available for construction. There is need to see the probability to use forming land for infrastructural development. Today’s farmer is using chemical fertilizer for farming to enhance the yield of crops. Chemical fertilizer reduces soils fertility and it also contaminated ground water table. Vermicompost is the product of the composting process using earthworm to get biocompost from college biowaste.Recyling of camus biowaste is necessary it reduces campus waste .It makes our camus clean as well as contribute in sustainable development. Vermicompost will enrich the soil and its fertility. Vermicompost also leads to decrease the environmental problems. Vermicompost is a very important biofertilizer produced through the artificial cultivation of worms i.e. Vermiculture. Vermicompost is enriched with all beneficial soil bacteria and also contain many of the essential plant nutrients like N, P, K and micronutrients. Vermicomposting is the process of production of compost by breeding earthworms, resulting in homogeneous and stabilized humus used as manure and significantly increased the amount of N, P, K and C concentration in compost. Earthworms are terrestrial worms well adopted for burrowing life. They depend on soil for all of their activities hence they are called geobionts. Worms in the process of feeding on waste caused bio-oxidation by relentless turning, fragmentation and aeration of water by devouring resulting in homogeneous and stabilized humus like product. The fine granular peat-like end product, vermicompost is reported to contain elevated levels of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and organic carbon (NPKC) in available form, micro-nutrients, micro flora, enzymes, and growth regulation. As a result of the different processes involved in the producing of compost and vermicompost, they exhibit different physical and chemical characteristics that affect soil properties and plant growth in diverse ways. Chemical fertilizers are good for crop yield but in long run they create varioud harmful impact on environment particularly on water table and soil.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I20041
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 2
Publication Date: 01/05/2019
Page(s): 62-64

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