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Design and Fabrication of Kaplan Turbine

Author(s):

Satre Sagar Raosaheb , Samarth Group of Institution Pune University,Belhe; Badhe Shubham Arun, Samarth Group of Institution,Belhe; Shaikh Murad Hanif, Samarth Group of Institution,Belhe; Zaware Sharad Vasant, Samarth Group of Institution,Belhe; Hiremath Shivasharan, Samarth Group of Institution,Belhe

Keywords:

Shaft, Hub or Boss, vanes, Guide vanes, Casing etc.

Abstract

The renewable energy sources such as hydro, solar and wind has been rapidly growing over the last few decades due to the increasing environmental issues and problem fossil fuels. Among the renewable energy sources, hydropower generation is one of the primary sources. Hydropower turbines are in two types as impulse and reaction where Kaplan turbine is a reaction type which was invented in 1913. Kaplan Turbines are often installed in large rivers. It is most suitable for large flow and low head situations. The head experienced from the Kaplan Turbine can range anywhere from 1.5 meters to over 50 meters. The Kaplan turbine operates most efficiently between heads of 1.5 meters and 15 meters. Over 15 meters, the efficiency of the turbine will start to decrease. Kaplan turbine is vertically oriented, axial flow turbine. We work on this Kaplan Turbine, this is design for 1.5m head. Design of this project is done on CATIA Software. Generally, all part of this turbine made of stainless steel because most of the parts will be in continuous contact with water and they have to be corrosion resistance. Analysis of various parts is done using ansys Software. We will try to improve the efficiency of this turbine by changing the inlet and outlet angle also flow of water. It is very useful in future, to understand the concept of reaction turbine each and every student also it is useful to implement in low head water dam.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I21399
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 2
Publication Date: 01/05/2019
Page(s): 1720-1722

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