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Laser Ignition System over Spark Ignition

Author(s):

Mr. Utkarsh K. Mahajan , Dr. Rajendra Gode Institude Of Technology & Research, Amravati; Mr. Sujit D. Kolhe, P. R. Patil Institute Of Polytechnic & Technology, Amravati ; Mr. Aniket S. Mohite, Dr. Rajendra Gode Institude Of Technology & Research, Amravati

Keywords:

Spark Ignition, Laser Ignition, Emission Norms, Spark Plug, Laser Pulse, Combustion, Alternate Ignition, Spark Electrodes

Abstract

Energy demand in automobile and emission norms are forcing automotive researchers to develop new combustion technologies to comply with stringent emission norms being adopted worldwide and continue the quest for improving engine performance and reducing emission. Nowadays, combustion engines and other combustion processes play an overwhelming and important role in everyday life. Researcher and engineers discovered a new technology and powerful tool to investigate natural phenomena and improve technologically critical processes. The spark plug is widely used in various automobile engines as a source of ignition. But due to the increasing emission through the exhaust of vehicles emission norms are forcing automobile researchers & manufacturers to develop new technologies that can overcome this issue. So, to overcome this issue and improving the performance of engines in less emission the researchers are working on to develop the new alternate source of ignition by using laser pulses. Laser is a new technology and emerging source of ignition alternate to the spark ignition system. The flame propagation is fast as compared to the spark ignition system so in laser ignition system the air fuel mixture burns completely so there is no chance of unburnt gases it may helps to reduce emission. Laser is emerging as a strong concept for alternative ignition in spark ignition engine. Laser ignition has potential advantages over conventional spark plug ignition. Laser ignition system is free from spark electrodes hence there is no loss of spark energy to the electrodes, which are also free from erosion effect.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I30183
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 3
Publication Date: 01/06/2019
Page(s): 183-188

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