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Drone Based Disaster Management System


Parmar Manoj Sunil , JIEMS AKKKALKUWA; Shaikh Mansoor Gulam, JIEMS AKKKALKUWA; shaikh Nazim Zakir, JIEMS AKKKALKUWA; Prof. Emran Pathan, JIEMS AKKKALKUWA; Prof. Vikar Teli, JIEMS AKKKALKUWA


Drone Disaster Management, Flood, Earthquake, Hazardous Material, Forest Fire, UAV, UAS


Previous surveillance systems were based on aircrafts and CCTV cameras. Limitations of these systems are less cost effective and restrictions over areas to be monitored. Such systems are highly dependent on human operator for supervision and intervention. So, we have adopted the monitoring using drone technology which can overcome the limitations of both systems explained above. as drones have meaningful growth and is useful for detecting faults in critical areas. drone based image capturing system based on platform arduino controller and multichannel sensing module. This paper focuses mainly on operational and tactical drone application in disaster management using a time-scaled separation of the application, like pre-disaster activity, activity immediately after the occurrence of a disaster and the activity after the primary disaster elimination. Paper faces to 5 disasters, like nuclear accidents, dangerous material releases, floods, earthquakes and forest fires. Author gathered international examples and used own experiences in this field. Results and discussion: An earthquake is a rapid escalating disaster, where, many times, there is no other way for a rapid damage assessment than aerial reconnaissance. For special rescue teams, the drone application can help much in a rapid location selection, where enough place remained to survive for victims. Floods are typical for a slow onset disaster. In contrast, managing floods is a very complex and difficult task. It requires continuous monitoring of dykes, flooded and threatened areas. Drone can help managers largely keeping an area under observation. Forest fires are disasters, where the tactical application of drone is already well developed. Drone can be used for fire detection, intervention monitoring and also for post-fire monitoring. In case of nuclear accident or hazardous material leakage drone is also a very effective or can be the only one tool for supporting disaster management.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I30232
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 3
Publication Date: 01/06/2019
Page(s): 277-280

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