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A Study on Earthquake Resistant Building

Author(s):

Prateek Singh , Rama University Kanpur ; Avinash Singh, Rama University Kanpur

Keywords:

Earthquake Resistant Building, RC Building

Abstract

An earthquake is the vibration, sometimes violent to the earth’s surface that follows a release of energy in the earth’s crust. This energy can be generated by a sudden dislocation of segments of the crust, by a volcanic eruption or even by a manmade explosion. The dislocation of the crust causes most destructive earthquakes. The crust may first bend and then the stresses exceed the strength of rocks, they break. In the process of breaking, vibrations called seismic waves are generated. These waves travel outward from the source of the earthquake along the surface and through the earth at varying speeds depending on the material through which they move. These waves can cause disasters on the earth’s surface. Whenever a building project is prepared and designed, the first and the most important aspect of design is to know the zone to which this structure is likely to rest. Depending upon these, precautionary measures in structural design calculation are considered and structure can be constructed with sufficient amount of resistance to earthquake forces. Various measures to be adopted are explained pointwise, giving emphasis to increase earthquake resistance of buildings.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I31101
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 3
Publication Date: 01/06/2019
Page(s): 1765-1768

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