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A Study for Design and Development of Internal Combustion Engine Piston


Manish Sharma , LNCTs(RIT); Pawan Vishwakarma


Piston, Solid Works, Ansys, FEA, Structural Analysis


A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms. It is the moving component that is contained by a cylinder and its made gas-tight by the means of using piston rings. The work of the piston is to transforms the energy of the expanding gasses into mechanical energy. The piston rides in the cylinder liner or sleeve. Pistons are commonly made of aluminium or cast iron alloys. The main objective in this paper to review on design evaluation and Optimization of Piston parameters by using finite element method is to achieve suitable design for Piston. That can be achieved by changing such design parameters in the existing design. So firstly in this proper Finite Element Model issued to develop the piston using CAD software solid works. Then static analysis is done to determine the von Misses stress, shear stress, elastic strain, total deformation in the present design by the means of the analysis software Ansys the first part of the study, the static loads acting on the connecting rod, after that the work is carried out for safe design. Based on the observations of the static FEA and the load analysis results, the load for the optimization study was selected. The results were also used to determine of various stress and the fatigue model to be used for analyzing the fatigue strength. Outputs of the fatigue analysis of include fatigue life, damage, stress biaxiality indication. Then results of present model in ANSYS are compared with the results of existing design.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I60137
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 6
Publication Date: 01/09/2019
Page(s): 178-184

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