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The Internet of Things

Author(s):

Shubham Kumar , IFTM University, Moradabad; Dr. Neelu Trivedi, IFTM University, Moradabad

Keywords:

Internet of Things, M2M communication, ARM mbed, Node-RED, Bluemix

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the internetworking of physical devices, vehicles and other objects which consists of an embedded system with sensors, actuators and network connectivity that enable to collect and exchange data. The IoT allows objects to be sensed and/or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and result in improved accuracy, efficiency and economic benefit. The IoT is a rapidly increasing and promising technology which becomes more and more present in our everyday lives. Furthermore, the technology is an instance of the more general class of cyber-physical systems, which also encompasses technologies such as smart grids, smart homes and smart cities. Considering the high-rate development of IoT technologies, and the significant increment in the number of the connected devices, comprehensive overview of the IoT system aims, architecture, challenges, applications, protocols, and market overview were discussed. In order to give an example of IoT solution, a simple IoT demonstrator was implemented using the current affordable hardware, and cloud efficient software. With this demonstrator, the simplicity and design flexibility of IoT solution were highlighted and two of the IBM IoT software, Node-RED and Bluemix, were examined. We see the IoT as billions of smart, connected "things" (a sort of "universal global neural network" in the cloud) that will encompass every aspect of our lives, and its foundation is the intelligence that embedded processing provides. The IoT is comprised of smart machines interacting and communicating with other machines, objects, environments and infrastructures. As a result, huge volumes of data are being generated, and that data is being processed into useful actions that can "command and control" things to make our lives much easier and safer—and to reduce our impact on the environment. The creativity of this new era is boundless, with amazing potential to improve our lives. The following thesis is an extensive reference to the possibilities, utility, applications and the evolution of the Internet of Things.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I70175
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 7
Publication Date: 01/10/2019
Page(s): 435-438

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