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Performance Based Bio diesel Production Using Cashew Nut Shell Oil as an Alternative Fuel

Author(s):

Smita Kirtiwar , D.Y.Patil College Of Engineering, Akurdi; Dr. Ashok More, D.Y.PATIL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AKURDI; Mrs. Pragati More, Yashwantrao Mohite College, Research student, Erandwana, BVDU, Pune India

Keywords:

Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) Oil, Biodiesel, Transesterification

Abstract

Currently, the higher Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fossil fuels has made the policy makers, investors and researchers to think more of the substitution of fossil fuels to save the planet. As an alternative to conventional Petro-diesel fuel, biodiesel has shown great potential due to lower emissions of harmful gases. There are four primary ways to make biodiesel, direct use and blending, micro-emulsions, thermal cracking (pyrolysis) and transesterification. The utilization of liquid fuels such as biodiesel produced from Cashew Nut Shell Oil by transesterification process represents one of the most promising options as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels. In this paper, the extraction of oil from Cashew Nut Shells which are agro-waste from the Cashew Nut processing factories was done. Also, the extracted oil for further processes by transesterification to extract biodiesel from it using methanol (CH3OH) and potassium hydro-xide (KOH) was done. Oil content in Cashew Nut shell was approximately 35.5% by wt. Physical properties of produced biodiesel was tested. Recovery of high-quality glycerol from biodiesel is an option to be considered to lower the cost of biodiesel.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV8I90025
Published in: Volume : 8, Issue : 9
Publication Date: 01/12/2020
Page(s): 34-37

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