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A Study on Evaluation of Full Immunization Program in Kanchanpur District Nepal

Author(s):

Birendra Prasad Bhatt , Shalom Institute of Health & Allied Sciences,SHUATS,Prayagraj U.P; Dr. Akanksha Singh, Shalom Institute of Health & Allied Sciences,SHUATS,Prayagraj U.P; Dr. Neena Gupta, Shalom Institute of Health & Allied Sciences,SHUATS,Prayagraj U.P; Jeevan Bhatta, VSO Myanmar

Keywords:

Full Immunization Program, Immunization Status, Child Health Card

Abstract

Immunization is one of the most successful public health interventions and a cost-effective strategy to reduce both the morbidity and mortality associated with vaccine-preventable diseases. Full immunization refers to a state, when a child of under 15 months of age receives complete doses of vaccines as per national immunization schedule which includes BCG-1 dose, DPT-HepB-Hib-3 doses, OPV-3 doses, and MeaslesRubella-2 doses. The program in Nepal aims to assure immunization services for all children especially focusing hard to reach population through local ownership, participation, and local resource mobilization. Nepal has radically improved immunization coverage, but currently survey reports shown that there is decreasing trend of full immunization coverage. This study was conducted to find out the existing status of the full immunization program coverage at Nepal in Bhimdatta municipality of Kanchanpur district. Objectives: To study the current status of full immunization program of Bhimdatta municipality, Kanchanpur district, Nepal. Methods: A descriptive study design was used in the present study. Bhimdatta municipality was selected purposively and simple random sampling was done to obtain a sample of 207 households having children between 15 to 23 months. Information was collected by interviewing the mothers of 15 to 23 months children and observation was done by verifying the child health cards. Descriptive analysis was done to assess the existing status of the full immunization program in the study area. Results: This study revealed that out of 207 children only 184 had their child health card during time of survey, on the basis of child health card observation 46.86% of the children were fully immunized as per national immunization schedule and for about 26.57% of children were completely immunized but not followed national schedule & 15.46% of children were found partially immunized, No any child were found unvaccinated and 11.11 % not evaluated due to lack of child health card. Conclusions: About one-third of children still didn’t follow national immunization schedule to complete routine immunization and child health card retention is not completed. The community people need to be well-informed about the importance of scheduled vaccination, retention and use of child health cards.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV7I50469
Published in: Volume : 7, Issue : 5
Publication Date: 01/08/2019
Page(s): 793-797

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