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Multibiometric Secure Index Value Code Generation for Authentication and Retrieval


K.Baskar , PGP College of Engineering and Technology, Namakkal-637207; K.Saranya, PGP College of Engineering and Technology, Namakkal-637207


Biometrics, feature extraction, image retrieval, indexing, pattern matching.


The use of multiple biometric sources for human recognition, referred to as multibiometrics, mitigates some of the limitations of unimodal biometric systems by increasing recognition accuracy, improving population coverage, imparting fault-tolerance, and enhancing security. In a biometric identification system, the identity corresponding to the input data (probe) is typically determined by comparing it against the templates of all identities in a database (gallery). An alternative e approach is to limit the number of identities against which matching is performed based on criteria that are fast to evaluate. We propose a method for generating fixed-length codes for indexing biometric databases. An index code is constructed by computing match scores between a biometric image and a fixed set of reference images. Candidate identities are retrieved based on the similarity between the index code of the probe image and those of the identities in the database. The number of multibiometric systems deployed on a national scale is increasing and the sizes of the underlying databases are growing. These databases are used extensively, thereby requiring efficient ways for searching and retrieving relevant identities. Searching a biometric database for an identity is usually done by comparing the probe image against every enrolled identity in the database and generating a ranked list of candidate identities. Depending on the nature of the matching algorithm, the matching speed in some systems can be slow. The proposed technique can be easily extended to retrieve pertinent identities from multimodal databases. Experiments on a chimeric face and fingerprint bimodal database resulted in an 84% average reduction in the search space at a hit rate of 100%. These results suggest that the proposed indexing scheme has the potential to substantially reduce the response time without compromising the accuracy of identification. New representation schemes that allow for faster search and, therefore, shorter response time are needed.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV1I5047
Published in: Volume : 1, Issue : 5
Publication Date: 01/08/2013
Page(s): 1229-1233

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