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Analysis on Single Slope, Single Basin Solar Still with Insulation, Reflector and Fins

Author(s):

Prof. Bhavin H. Khatri , INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING; Harsh Soni, INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING; Jay Shah, INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING; Kevin Shah, INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING; Darshil Panchal, INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

Keywords:

Solar Desalination, Distillation, Solar Still

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to design a water desalination system that can purify water from near, any source. A system that is relatively cheap, portable and depends only on renewable solar energy. The motivation for this analysis is the limited availability of clean water resources and the abundance of impure water available for potential conversion into potable water. In addition there are many coastal locations where seawater is abundant but potable water is not available. Our project goal is to efficiently produce clean drinkable water from solar energy conversion. Distillation is one of many processes that can be used for water purification. This requires an energy input as heat. Electricity and solar radiation can be the source of energy. When solar energy is used for this purpose, it is known as Solar Water Distillation. Solar Distillation is an attractive process to produce portable water using free of cost solar energy. This energy is used directly for evaporating water inside a device usually termed as a 'Solar Still'. Solar stills are used in places where water through rain, irrigation channels or well is not viable, such as in remote areas or during power outages. Solar Distillation is an attractive alternative because of its simple technology, easy maintenance and low energy consumption. The use of solar thermal energy in seawater desalination applications has so far been restricted to small-scale systems in rural areas. However, the coming shortage in fossil fuel supply and the growing need for fresh water in order to support increasing water and irrigation needs have further motivated development of water desalination and purification systems by renewable energies.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV6I30914
Published in: Volume : 6, Issue : 3
Publication Date: 01/06/2018
Page(s): 2068-2070

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