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Smart Control of Traffic Light

Author(s):

Mr. Kunal Pralhad Patil , Sir Visvesvaraya Institute Of Technology, Chincholi, Tal-Sinnar, Dist-Nashik; Ms. Priyanka Vilas Shelke, Sir Visvesvaraya Institute Of Technology, Chincholi, Tal-Sinnar, Dist-Nashik; Ms. Sushmita Suresh Shirsat, Sir Visvesvaraya Institute Of Technology, Chincholi, Tal-Sinnar, Dist-Nashik; Ms. Megha Hiraman Yadav, Sir Visvesvaraya Institute Of Technology, Chincholi, Tal-Sinnar, Dist-Nashik; Prof. Mr. Sharad M. Rokade, Sir Visvesvaraya Institute Of Technology, Chincholi, Tal-Sinnar, Dist-Nashik

Keywords:

Traffic Light System, Infrared Sensors, Arduino Uno ATMega 328 Microcontroller, Light Emitting Diodes

Abstract

In today's generation as we see the population of our country is increasing day-by-day and due to this lots of vehicles crowd has been arised and due to this we have to face many problems, one of this is traffic congestion in cities and it's becoming more serious issue day after day for controlling traffic as the vehicles increasing on road. So for this, conventional traffic system which is done at the signals does not have proper monitoring system and often requires manual handing at traffic signals. This not only causes people mental stress on driving but also lot of fuel goes wasted due to delay at traffic signals. This requires some new modification module of a system to handle traffic signals in a smart way by automatically adjusting its timing based on traffic density using Arduino Uno ATMega 328. In this, traffic is detected using digital IR Sensors which detects the flow of traffic at particular lane and IR Sensors detect vehicles further based on the signal reflected from them. Sensors are placed at the adjacent to road side to control the traffic density by changing traffic signal appropriately using the lane traffic. The IR Sensors which are interfaced with Arduino Uno which reads data from IR Sensors. The Traffic Signal which we see is designed using LEDs light and each signal consist two LEDs for each lane. Using this concept system development at traffic junction we need not to take tension about handing the traffic manually and also consumes less time as compared to the conventional traffic system which are working today. We harness solar power from solar panel and this is used to build prototype working model of smart traffic signal which automatically adjusts its timing based on traffic direction.

Other Details

Paper ID: IJSRDV9I120047
Published in: Volume : 9, Issue : 12
Publication Date: 01/03/2022
Page(s): 227-232

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